In our younger days, we generally don’t think too much about health problems unless they come up and we react to them accordingly.
As we get older, the changes our bodies go through demand that we take a more proactive role in monitoring our health. Eating right and getting exercise become more important than ever. And they go hand in hand with getting to the doctor for check-ups on a regular basis. Those check-ups need to extend to your eyes as well.
After you turn 40, it’s imperative for the health of your eyes to have an eye exam at least every two years. Those with a family history of eye problems, or who have personally experienced health issues with their eyes, need to see an eye doctor even more frequently. People with diabetes, high blood pressure, or who work in occupations that put demands on their eyes need to have annual check-ups.
If it’s been a while since you had an eye exam, be prepared to give your medical and eye history as well as a list of any medications you’re currently taking. During your exam, you’ll be evaluated for your vision and the health of your eyes. This will include tests such as:
Eye muscle movement – the doctor will want to make sure your eyes are aligned and will ask you to track an object in different directions while he observes your eye movement.
Cover test – you cover one eye and read a chart on a far wall to see how well your eyes work together.
Retinoscopy – a light will be shined in your eyes to see how it reflects.
Refraction testing – used to help fine tune a prescription for glasses.
Eye disease tests – you will be screened for glaucoma, macular degeneration, cataracts, and diabetic retinopathy, among others.
Spotting eye problems early is the best way to find the most effective treatment and preserve your eyesight well into your golden years.
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