Cataracts are one of the leading causes of vision decline as we age. Cataracts can increase the glare from lights and cause blurry vision, making it difficult to carry out many normal daily tasks.
To restore vision, doctors will perform cataract surgery, generally on an outpatient basis. It is a safe and a common procedure in which the ophthalmologist removes the lens from a patient’s eye and replaces it with an artificial lens. In some instances, complications such as inflammation, bleeding or infection may take place, but most of these can be treated successfully in a short amount of time. The one aggravating factor for patients considering cataract surgery is if they have cataracts in concert with another eye condition, such as glaucoma or macular degeneration.
Cataracts usually develop over an extended period of time, and because of this, you can manage and schedule cataract surgery when it is convenient for you. A week or so before the surgery, you will undergo tests to measure your eyes that will help determine the right kind of lens to be implanted. You may also be told to stop taking certain medicines before the procedure to lessen the possibility of excessive bleeding, and you will be given antibiotic drops to reduce to possibility of eye infection.
The surgery itself will take less than an hour to perform. The doctor will numb the area around your eye and also give you drops to dilate your pupil. At this point, the doctor will remove the cloudy lens either through an ultrasound procedure or by making incisions, and in most cases, implant a new artificial lens.
Although cataract surgery is done on an outpatient basis, you’ll still need to make arrangements for transportation to get home, and you will be limited from doing certain household activities for a week or so while your eye heals. You should expect your vision to start improving within a few days.
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