Many people in Boulder and Denver, CO describe having cataracts as looking through a dirty or foggy window. The world seems less clear when you have cataracts. They can also hamper activities such as driving or reading. Generally, there is no pain associated with having cataracts, and because they develop gradually, changes in your eyesight can be difficult to detect.
What is a Cataract?
A Cataract is an obstruction in the eye that can either develop in the lens of the eye or its own small envelope. Cataracts impede the passage of light into the eye, and in turn, cause people in to have blurry vision and be very sensitive to incoming light.
Causes of Cataracts
Cataracts can occur from various causes: hypertension, long term exposure to the sun, old age and trauma. They can also occur if you have an iodine deficiency in your diet. No matter how your Cataracts form, it is important to get them checked out by an eye doctor and possibly taken out so you can see clearer. Cataracts can be either hard or soft and can vary in size. The larger a cataract becomes, the more it will impede your vision and cause you problems. If you have routine eye checks and your eye doctor catches your cataract forming early, they can prescribe a few drugs that will slow down their growth. Corticosteroids have been proven to stunt the growth of Cataracts.
Symptoms of Cataracts
Symptoms of Cataracts vary by what type of Cataract you have, and where it is located. Generally, patients in Boulder and Denver notice a loss of clearness in their vision. They also complain about losing contrast in their vision. Shadows and contours of light are not as clear as they once appeared, and sometimes their color vision is even dimmed. Another symptom that a few people experience is seeing a halo over lights at night.
What to Do
If you believe that you have Cataracts in your eyes, then it is important to make an appointment with Boulder Eyes / Beyer LASIK. You will need to be monitored to make sure that your eyesight is not affected too badly and that you can still see properly. Your eye exam will begin by filling out a family history. That will be followed by a routine eye exam. Our optometrists will search for Cataracts in both of your eyes to determine if you have them or not. If you are diagnosed with Cataracts, then you will be given the option to have Cataract surgery. This surgery is an outpatient procedure. It is so simple that it only takes less than half an hour to complete. If you are not interested in surgery, then our surgeons will talk with you about other options such as corticosteroids.
At Boulder Eyes / Beyer LASIK, we understand how frustrating it can be to have clouded eyesight. Cataract Surgery is a wonderful solution for patients in Boulder and Denver which can change the way you see the world. Many people develop cataracts as they age, and it is very important to have your eyesight checked on a regular basis in order to detect cataracts. Cataracts can be easily diagnosed by a surgeon, and treatment can safely restore your vision. Many patients tell us that they were unaware of how poor their vision was before they had cataract surgery. If you love activities such as reading or watching movies, Cataract Surgery is a simple procedure that can noticeably improve your eyesight and improve your quality of life.
What to Expect
During Cataract Surgery, our surgeons begin by making a very small incision in the eye near the cornea. A tiny ultrasound probe is then inserted into the eye, and ultrasonic vibrations are used to dissolve the cataract. The pieces of the cataract are then removed from the eye using the ultrasound probe. Next, the surgeon will place an artificial lens in the eye where the cataract was. This lens will help your eyes focus after the surgery is complete. Advances in technology now offer various artificial lens choices to be placed in the eye. These new products reduce and some eliminate the need for glasses, even bifocals! Following the surgery, your surgeon will prescribe special drops for your eyes to aid in the healing process. Many people begin to notice an improvement in their eyesight just days after having Cataract Surgery.
Once your vision has stabilized, you will need follow-up visits to monitor your progress.